Gingival (Gum) enlargement, also known as gingival hyperplasia or hypertrophy, is defined as an abnormal overgrowth of gingival tissues.
There are several causes of gingival enlargement and they can be grouped into four categories: 1) inflammatory gingival enlargement, 2) medication-induced gingival enlargement, 3) hereditary gingival fibromatosis, and 4) systemic causes of gingival enlargement.
Inflammatory Gingival Enlargement
Medication-Induced Gingival Enlargement
Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis
Systemic Causes of Gingival Enlargement
Q: What are my chances of developing gingival enlargement if I am taking one of the above-mentioned medications?
Q: Is gingival enlargement associated with the dose of my medication?
Q. What should I do if I notice my gums are enlarged?
Q: Is gingival enlargement contagious?
Q: What can I do to reduce the severity of gingival enlargement?
Prepared by C. Hong and the AAOM Web Writing Group
The information contained in this monograph is for educational purposes only. This information is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have or suspect you may have a health concern, consult your professional health care provider. Reliance on any information provided in this monograph is solely at your own risk.